We know precious little about these groups, but we do know enough to understand their general characteristics. The figure below shows the general distribution of these groups. This particular distribution is from a later time, but it does show the general pattern we are discussing. When discussing these groups, it is important to repeat what we have previously mentioned: That there were very few of them, that they were widely scattered, and that there was very little interaction. These groups were in radically different geographic areas and almost certainly had migrated from different places.
- Government versus Anarchy and Production versus Plunder - Tea Party Command Center.
- Brain Informatics: International Conference, BI 2010, Toronto, ON, Canada, August 28-30, 2010. Proceedings.
- Government versus Anarchy and Production versus Plunder - Tea Party Command Center!
- The Political and Economic Mystiques of State Power | Mises Wire.
- Slavery, Civil War, and Salvation: African American Slaves and Christianity, 1830-1870 (Conflicting Worlds: New Dimensions of the American Civil War).
- 'Production Versus Plunder' ~ Part 7 | The Daily Bell!
- Listen to The Making of Production Versus Plunder now..
In all likelihood they were completely ignorant of each other for some time. Following the end of the ice age1, there were several thousand years of quiet time: Not many humans and precious little interaction between them.
During such times, groups of humans tend to build specific characteristics. We tend to call these groups-with-characteristics "societies" or "cultures. More importantly, over time — and this was thousands of years — manner of living guides the development of human character. Specific types of nurture become normal within the group and are passed down from generation to generation. And, since the group is more or less isolated and closed, the gene pool is refined and passed down as a fairly consistent set of genes. These groups formed slowly and there were multiple generations' worth of time.
These three groups are of two primary types: Farmers and nomads. Again, over time, different styles of living teach different lessons to men. In particular, farming leads to a cooperative model of thinking and living, while nomadic hunting and herding lead to a warfare and domination model of living and thinking.
Farmers learn to rely upon their neighbors. They help build each other's barns, share tools, lend their expertise for repairing their neighbor's equipment, and so on. They also respect each other's property lines. So, in farming, there are long histories of mutual help and respect for property. Herdsmen, on the other hand, tend to mistrust their neighbors and to hide information from them.
When the nomadic herdsman finds good grazing land, he does not share that knowledge with another herdsman. If one finds a hidden water hole, he does not disclose the location. So, the overall balance is much more toward not helping a neighbor. Similarly, property is less respected in nomadic cultures.
San Miguel Energy files plunder case vs PSALM
And, of course, they developed different methods of warfare. But, beneath all the details there are two different sets of assumptions regarding the world and human existence. The farmers developed what economists now call a positive-sum view of existence and the nomads developed more of what we call a zero-sum understanding of existence.
Briefly, a zero-sum assumption is that there is a fixed pool of any specific good and that in order for you to have more, someone else has to accept less. This is the essence of the common slogan, "there are only so many pieces of pie. A positive-sum assumption, on the other hand, assumes that the pool of assets can be expanded. In other words, if there are not enough slices of pie for your liking, you can make a new pie for yourself. The important thing about zero-sum and positive-sum assumptions is that they form a mental pattern, an analysis program in our brains. This is one of the human software routines we discussed earlier.
Positive- or zero-sum routines form in human minds and — if not analyzed and adjusted — color wide areas of thought.
This affects all sorts of opinions and judgments. People take these basic views of the world as givens: things they don't need to waste time examining; things that are considered to be known. This built great differences in the thoughts of the farmers and the nomads. Young farmers were instructed to use the world intelligently and to create food. These early farmers, for the first time we know of, discovered a post-parasitic way of living on earth.
They did not feed off of what already existed, as do parasites. Instead, they became actors in cooperation with the earth, and made it produce food for them. Of course, animal husbandry does ride the line between the parasitic and the creative, but it never fully crosses it. The farmers did cross it, firmly and permanently.
They tended to be taller and with longer rather than rounder heads. They were pastoral, war-like, patriarchal, and worshiped sky gods. The southern nomads lived in the flatlands of Arabia. They tended to be slight-boned, had long heads, were pastoral, war-like, patriarchic, and worshipped storm gods.
It is difficult for modern westerners to understand the structure and incentives of such societies. Most westerners expect cooperation in life. Most of the time, the storekeeper does not try to cheat us, we don't steal metal exposed on the sides of buildings, and so on.
In short, we expect people to "play nice" because of the programming in their brains, not because they are forced to do so. We complain bitterly about the stupid criminals that do arise. This assumption of cooperation did not exist in these groups of nomads. They were not the same as us in their assumptions regarding life upon earth.
We Westerners derive more or less from farmers who presumed cooperation and creativity. These nomads assumed dominance and scarcity. The nomad existence was based upon a plunder model, placed on top of a clan model. At the base was the family clan. In these small groupings, there would have been a good deal of sharing and cooperative decision-making, but the final and large decisions would have been made by the senior male.
For these clan groups to join together and form a larger group, a central dominator was always required. What these people saw as "normal" was a dominator in charge, with a structure below him. Each clan, of course, would have a protected place within that structure, along with certain privileges and allowances. The rigidity of these structures led to hatreds that could endure for centuries. When an outside group forcibly alters one of these societal hierarchies, the occupants live with tilted floors, so to speak, until the structure is righted.
The rigidity of this structure derives from the fact that it is a collection of clans, and the clans nearly always remain for centuries. Added to this, clans tend to constantly compare themselves with the other clans, and oppose any changes in status between them5. Because of these status-conscious and enduring bonds, the structure is not permitted to modify. Share Tweet Facebook. Views: We are on the sixth generation of families that have never worked and never plan on working.
This can not continue if we are to survive as a nation. Warren and many many others are concerned. This trade deal will hurt American workers. There are first the physical laws to whose unfeeling absoluteness man must adjust his conduct if he wants to live. There is finally the regularity of phenomena with regard to the interconnectedness of means and ends, viz. The elucidation and the categorial and formal examination of this third class of the laws of the universe is the subject matter of praxeology and its hitherto best-developed branch, economics.
The body of economic knowledge is an essential element in the structure of human civilization; it is the foundation upon which modern industrialism and all the moral, intellectual, technological, and therapeutical achievements of the last centuries have been built. It rests with men whether they will make the proper use of the rich treasure with which this knowledge provides them or whether they will leave it unused.
Ocean Shock: Fishmeal factories plunder Africa, take food from plates.
But if they fail to take the best advantage of it and disregard its teachings and warnings, they will not annul economics; they will stamp out society and the human race. He is toying with America and the world on a serious level. With America Why is Obama and his immigration scam still on going. The judge said to stop. Obama is overwhelming the system in hopes of total collapse. The answer to the? We need to be advocating the principles at the root of a proper government.
Please watch this series of short videos. The oil was controlled by the government and the citizens didn't work - instead, all "work" was done by foreigners. They paid for their military. A few other countries are also so idyllic. Fascism is beautiful when put into the pictures that are allowed shared with others. This is what they've been copying.
Sign Up or Sign In. President Donald Trump visited the San Diego border on Wednesday to show off a newly constructed portion of the wall after a fundraising trip in California. The president traveled via motorcade after a fundraiser to Otay Mesa, a community outside San Diego on the United States -Mexico border to review the latest constructed physical barrier. He pointed out the new wall structure to the press, which was 24 miles of primary and secondary wall at the border.
The president was joined by acting Department of Homeland security Kevin McAllen and several other border security officials.
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He said that over 44, bollard panels had been set up for the wall, which was then filled with concrete and rebar. Trump admitted that he envisioned a solid concrete wall when he campaigned for president, but he was told by border officials that they preferred a wall constructed by concrete-filled bollards so they could see through it.
He added that the steel wall was designed to retain heat, making it harder to climb, plus having an anti-climbing system at the top. The president also acknowledged to reporters that he wanted the wall to be painted black and have spikes but said it was cheaper to let it remain naturally rust-colored.